Liogier was founded in 1920 by Marcellin Liogier. A know-how that was then transmitted from generation to generation. The Liogier-Allary company based in Saint-Didier-en-Velay has been designing and manufacturing hand-stitched wood rasps and rifflers for 4 generations. These tools of excellence are recognized worldwide for the stone and wood carving trades.

Liogier-Allary's customers are sculptors, instrument makers, cabinet makers, but also form makers, who carve blocks of wood to make hat forms... And their needs are specific. For them, Liogier-Allary therefore manufactures, to order, carving tools in wood or stone, entirely made in Haute-Loire, from the forge to the final heat treatment. It all starts with the choice of steel, according to very precise specifications. Then this is where the craftsmanship kicks in…

A company that does not lack bite

The most delicate and longest intervention, which is the basis of all the company's know-how, is the hand stitching. In other words, raising the teeth manually, using a punch and a hammer. The teeth are thus finer, sharper… In all, a file contains thousands of teeth that 4 Liogier-Allary employees have learned to raise one by one. On some parts, more than 44000 hammer blows are necessary.

Rasps and rifflers pitted in Haute-Loire, Auvergne

With experience, the gesture becomes fast, precise, regular... Despite everything, depending on the size of the rasp and that of its teeth, it sometimes takes up to 6 hours of work workers to complete a tool. And this is the uniqueness of the Liogier-Allary company. Because the pricking by hand gives the grater all its bite, its aggressiveness, but also a certain comfort of use. The finish of the tool is thus incomparable.

This is why the tools of the Altiliger company cross borders to join the hands of Australian, English, American, Austrian, but also German sculptors... "The online sales allows us to sell our tools worldwide, on all continents “, underlines the manager, Yves Tardy. For what ? Because companies with such know-how are rare. “There are two of us working in wood in France, one here, the other in Albi. And there are, for example, none in the USA. Which explains why we have them as customers. »

Liogier-Allary, tools of excellence in Haute-Loire, Auvergne

The manufacture of the tool ends with the heat treatment, which will give rasps and rifflers the hardness and resistance wear that will make these hand-stitched tools products close to perfection.

The 5 steps of making a file

  1. Forge : heated to more than 1.000°C, the initial shape is made from a high-alloy carbon steel bar, with good malleability.
  2. Grinding and polishing : this time cold, the blade is shaped then smoothed
  3. Manual quilting : each tooth is hand-stitched, a unique know-how
  4. Quenching : heated to more than 800°C, the grater is then instantly soaked in a bath of cold water to obtain the correct hardness of the teeth
  5. Finishing : after cleaning, checking and anti-rust treatment, the grater is ready to be fitted and packed.

A wide range of tools, from sculpture to surgery

Over the past thirty years, "we have diversified by also working for the medical sector", specifies Yves Tardy. Liogier-Allary therefore also stands out in the creation of stainless steel parts used to house the prosthesis inside a femur, a tibia or a hip. We are talking about femoral rasps for hip prosthesis.  

Liogier-Allary company in Saint-Didier-en-Velay in Haute-Loire, Auvergne

Living Heritage Companies, a prestigious label that contributes to the attractiveness of the territory

Traditional techniques and above all, transmission of ancestral know-how, this is what supports the Liogier-Allary company, but also all the other labeled companies Living Heritage Companies (EPV). They are 13 in Haute Loire to reconcile innovation and tradition, know-how and creation, work and passion, or even heritage and future, all of this on a local or even international scale.

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